Cornea and Anterior Segment

The Cornea and Anterior Segment unit at DD Eye institute has treated patients from all over India and the neighboring countries. It specializes in the treatment of the entire range of corneal disorders and infections.

Apart from cataract surgery and corneal transplants, clinicians in this service handle a range of other ocular complications, from infections on the surface of the eye and eyelids to trauma care. Clinicians also work closely with scientists at the institute to develop new and more cost-effective treatments.

Ophthalmologists at DD Eye institute have expertise and experience in laser assisted surgical procedures.

Corneal Transplant

The cornea is the front, outermost layer of the eye. Just as a window lets light into a room, the cornea lets light into the eye. It also focuses the light passing through it to make images clear and sharp.

Corneal problems can occur in anyone regardless of age. Sometimes due to disease, injury or infection the cornea becomes cloudy or warped. A damaged cornea, like a frosted or misshapen windowpane, distorts light as it enters the eye. This not only causes distortion in vision, it may also cause pain.

When there is no other remedy, doctors advise a corneal transplant. In this procedure an ophthalmologist surgically replaces the diseased cornea with a healthy one to restore clear vision.

Ocular Surface Services

A 'dry eye' is a condition where patients suffer from irritation and discomfort in the eye because of the decreased quantity of tears or increased evaporation of tears from the eye. The symptoms are non-specific and can range from a tired or itching eye to diminished vision in severe cases. A clinical examination can help diagnose a condition of 'dry eyes' but, to be more definitive, diagnostic tests are required.

As part of our ocular surface service, patients with dry eyes undergo a detailed examination to assess the severity of the problem and other complications. Some patients may have extensive ocular surface damage. The treatment includes use of preservative-free artificial tears, autologous serum and topical immunosuppresive treatment.

Dry eyes can also be a manifestation of systemic diseases like rheumatoid arthiritis. A blood examination could help identify the disease, which can then be jointly treated by the ophthalmologist and rheumatologist. Patients who have such symptoms are advised procedures to preserve tears through implantation of silicone punctal plugs or cauterising the puncta (tear glands).

Patients suffering from ocular discomfort and dysfunction, or damaged stem cells in the eye, resulting in scarring and new blood vessel formation, have a very unstable ocular surface. For some cases, stem cell transplantation can provide a solution. Doctors at DD Eye institute were among the first in the world to perform this procedure, in cases of chemical injury and deep scleral ulcers.